How Artificial Organisms Can Resolve Environmental Problems?

Alexandra Daisy Ginsberg designed for the Sixth Extinction, a piece of  ‘Grow Your Own’, ‘Life After Nature’, and request people to think the chance of synthetic life. The aim of this project was to generate debate about how artificial organisms can be used to resolve environmental problems. Artificial organisms can be released into the wild to save dangerous species and clean up pollution.

She has planned four new species, consisting of a slug that leaves a trail of alkali, a porcupine with sticky rubber spines, artificial puffball and a biofilm. The companies can use the creatures as a part of “biodiversity offsetting”, to make up for environmental harm caused by their actions.

Posted by Ricky Martin (Source: io9)

Diabetes- An Unexpected Guest


When glucose level highly increases, insulin produced by the body does not help to breakdown this glucose as required. When sugar level in blood decreases it causes to diabetes. As per the estimates, there are nearly 24 million people diagnosed with diabetes in America alone.

Diabetes is a disease which does not effect through personal contact. The major diabetes forms are type 1 diabetes (insulin-dependent), and type 2 diabetes (non-insulin dependent). Diabetes named as Gestational diabetes which caused in pregnancy time. For diabetic people to make active and healthy new treatments are available, but in any conditions diabetes is very serious disease with respect to potential and social conditions. Thus negligence in this aspect might be fatal.

Posted by Kaitlynn Daniel (Source: Diabetes Research Institute)

The Biggest Organism on Planet Earth is a Fungus

The delightful and bite-size but they have a comparative out west that occupies some 2,384 acres (965 hectares) of earth in Oregon’s Blue Mountain. Put another way, this humongous fungus would cover 1,665 football fields, or nearly four tetragon miles (10 square kilometers) of grass fungus that is expected to be 2,400 years old but could be as primeval as 8,650 years.
The airborne spore-producing portion of many type of fungus is referred to as “mushrooms”. These mushrooms occupy the most largest organism that break the record in history & opens new avenues for research in Microbiology.

Posted by Kaitlynn Daniel (Source: Scientific American)

Why Squids are the Brainiest?


The giant squids are said to be among the brainiest invertebrates in the planet. The prevalent of these ever found measured 59 feet (18 meters) in length and weighed nearly a ton (900 kilograms). In 2004 researchers in Japan took the first images ever of a live giant squid. Their brain development is different from other invertebrates in the ocean, as they share complex skin tone related to the human brain. Squids can be very probing about their environment.

They have the capacity to learn new skills developing ability to use tools that can either help them inhibit their dullness and protect them from harm.

Posted by Alinn Blayze, List25

Clinical Pathology

The anatomic and functional manifestations of a disease is pathology. Pathology comes from a Greek word, pathologikos, which means “treating of diseases” — pathos means “suffering.” Pathology is the science that deals with study, of the causes and effects of disease. It deals with examination of samples collected from Tissues and organs in the laboratory .

A professional who studies and works with diseases, starting from their causes to their symptoms and identifies  the pathological effects of the disease on the victims, is a pathologist. A pathological report is a medical document prepared by a pathologist, who is specialized in interpreting laboratory tests and evaluating organs, tissues, and cells to diagnose disease.

An image displaying the Clinical pathologyThe report is based on the pathologist’s examination of a sample of tissues collected from the patient’s tumor specifies the diagnosis. This tissue sample (specimen) is obtained through a biopsy. The science dealing with the causes and effects of diseases, in perticular the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes is Clinical pathology.

A Clinical Pathologist is aware about the important aspects of the clinical branches of laboratory medicine. Laboratory testing of blood, tissue samples, other body fluids, and microscopic evaluation of individual cells can be  diagnosed with the help of Clinical pathology. The laboratory  results are provided by certified clinical pathologists in timely and efficient manner. This is helpful for assisting research, veterinarians, and students in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases.

Dextrose Gel helps to fight against Hypoglycemia in new born

An image displaying the Hypoglycemia in new born

Researchers find out in a new study that the dextrose gel is used to treat hypoglycemia (low blood sugar levels) in new born babies that is a familiar preventable cause of Brain damage. Dextrose gel is a common oral glucose gel that is usually given to reverse the hypoglycemic conditions in Diabetic patients. Many babies are admitted to ICU and are given Glucose intravenously due to low glucose sugar levels that could be painful. Thus here is non expensive easy way and orally supplied n order to bring back the sugar levels to normal in new born babies.

The study was published in Lancet that amazingly saved 514 babies who were severely suffering from hypoglycemic condition.

Medical News Today, 25 September, 2013

Did you know there also exists a Memory Erasing gene in Mice?

An image displaying the Memory Erasing gene in Mice

Researchers state that this finding might someday help people with post-traumatic stress disorder. A newly identified gene has shown to play an important role in erasing old memories that might open up new ways to treat post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The function of the Tet1 gene in “memory extermination” was revealed in experiments with mice. This gene appeared to manage a small group of other genes that were essential for overcoming old memories.

Enhancing the activity of the Tet1 gene might show promising results in replacing traumatic memories and for the people suffering with PTSD.

NIH, September 20, 2013