The anatomic and functional manifestations of a disease is pathology. Pathology comes from a Greek word, pathologikos, which means “treating of diseases” — pathos means “suffering.” Pathology is the science that deals with study, of the causes and effects of disease. It deals with examination of samples collected from Tissues and organs in the laboratory .
A professional who studies and works with diseases, starting from their causes to their symptoms and identifies the pathological effects of the disease on the victims, is a pathologist. A pathological report is a medical document prepared by a pathologist, who is specialized in interpreting laboratory tests and evaluating organs, tissues, and cells to diagnose disease.
The report is based on the pathologist’s examination of a sample of tissues collected from the patient’s tumor specifies the diagnosis. This tissue sample (specimen) is obtained through a biopsy. The science dealing with the causes and effects of diseases, in perticular the branch of medicine that deals with the laboratory examination of samples of body tissue for diagnostic or forensic purposes is Clinical pathology.
A Clinical Pathologist is aware about the important aspects of the clinical branches of laboratory medicine. Laboratory testing of blood, tissue samples, other body fluids, and microscopic evaluation of individual cells can be diagnosed with the help of Clinical pathology. The laboratory results are provided by certified clinical pathologists in timely and efficient manner. This is helpful for assisting research, veterinarians, and students in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases.