Statistics in 2013 showed anemia affects more than 1.6 billion people, or approximately 25% of the population. Iron deficiency is the most widespread nutritional deficiency in the world. It is the most common cause of anemia during pregnancy, especially in low and middle income countries, affecting an estimated 32 million pregnant women estimated globally during 2011. WHO recommends a dose of 60mg of Iron per day for expected mothers. But improved results were observed in the pregnant women’s who consumed 66mg per day. The 10 mg increase in the regular dosage showed reduced risk of maternal anemia up to 12%. Not only reduction in maternal anemia, the birth weight also increased by 15 g and risk of low birth weight was decreased by 3%.
This recommends the expected mothers to increase their iron in the diet to have improved health like improved maternal hematological status and also increased birth weight.